Back Pain: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments – In-Depth Overview

Back pain is one of the most common physical problems in today’s world. Many people around the world suffer from it and seek medical treatment. It is one of the principal causes of disability. It can be caused by injury, critical or heavy performance, and certain medical conditions. Back pain can affect people of all ages for a variety of reasons.

For people of 40+ age, the chance of having back pain increases due to factors such as previous work and degenerative disc disease. But you can take steps to prevent or alleviate most stages of back pain. If prevention doesn’t work simple home treatment and proper body exercises will often improve your back after a few weeks and make it work. Surgery is rarely needed to fight or prevent back pain.

Classification of Back Pain

Back pain is a feeling of trouble suffering associated with an injury or other problem in the back of the body that extends from the shoulders to the buttocks. To facilitate the diagnosis, back pain can be classified according to anatomical site, with pain in the neck, upper back, or lower back.

The most common place is the lower back, which covers the lumbar region. Back pain can be more described as chronic, the pain is quite severe but lasts only a few days or weeks; chronic, with frequent pain of more than three months; or subacute, mild, or annoying pain that takes place somewhere between acute and chronic.

Most back pain is natural and responds to regular treatment, such as fundamental exercises that can give you instant relief from pain. However, aggressive pathology may be suspected in the presence of certain symptoms that require rapid diagnosis and intervention.

Causes of Back Pain

There are plenty of causes of back pain. We just identify some common causes of back pain.

Most causes of back pain are related to one or more factors that we face throughout our lives. Here’re some of the causes of back pain-

  • Poor posture and lack of exercise: Most of the time our standing or sitting posture is not correct. Extra pressure on your back due to poor posture can lead to problems in discs, joints, or lower back.
  • Bulging or ruptured disks: The discs act as cushions between the bones (vertebrae) in your spine. The soft material inside the disc can swell or explode and compress the nerve. However, you can have a swollen or broken disc without back pain. Disc pain is often found if you have x-rays of the spinal cord for some other reason.
  • Muscle strains or sprains: Repeated weight lifting or sudden heavy movement can strain the back muscles and ligaments. If you are in poor physical shape, constant stress on your back can cause painful muscle spasms.
  • Arthritis and Osteoporosis: Osteoarthritis can affect the lower back. In some cases, spinal arthritis can cause a narrow space around the spine called spinal stenosis. If your bones become full of holes and brittle, your vertebrae may experience painful fractures.

Specific Back Pain Conditions

In addition to the things listed above, there are specific conditions associated with back pain. It is important to remember that severe pain does not mean that there is a serious problem.

Understanding the special conditions can help you to realize which approach you should take. We listed some conditions below:


Our vertebral bones, discs, and ligaments are naturally weakened with age. It happens to us as part of the aging process, but it doesn’t have to be a problem and not everyone will suffer.

As we grow older the discs of the spine become thinner and the spaces between the vertebrae become narrower. Small bone fragments, known as osteophytes, can form on the edges of vertebrae and joints.

Its medical term is spondylosis and it is very similar to the changes caused by osteoarthritis in other joints. Strengthening the muscles around the spine and pelvis reduces the incidence of spondylosis.


Back pain is sometimes associated with leg pain and can cause numbness or irritation. This is called sciatica. This is due to compression or pressure of the spinal nerve. For most people with sciatica, leg pain can be the worst, and sometimes there can be little or no back pain.

In most cases, sciatica is caused by a swollen disc that pushes the nerve. The discs are designed so that they protrude and we can easily move our spine, but sometimes the plug can catch the root canal and cause pain that extends to the lower leg.

Most people recover quickly, although in some cases it can take months. Starting gentle exercises as soon as possible will help with sciatica. It is also a very good idea to take an exercise list from a physiotherapist.

Spinal Stenosis

Sometimes back pain is associated with leg pain that starts after a few minutes of walking and then often heals very quickly when sitting. This is called spinal cord stenosis.

It can happen from birth or developing into old age. Problems occur when something presses into a small space in the center of the spine where the nerves are located. This space, called the spinal canal or nerve root canal, can be pinched from a bone or ligament.

Sometimes it affects both of your legs. The pain usually improves during sitting and menstruation, and some people find that they have less pain when they walk a little. As with sciatica, the main problem is leg pain instead of back pain. In most cases, sciatica or spinal stenosis is not a major problem. But if the symptoms hamper the quality of your life, you should go to a doctor.

Risk Factors

There are some factors that increase the risk of back pain. You must keep your eyes open before triggering any of these factors

Experts in back pain have been warning us about the risk factors. Some of the risk factors are:

  • Occupational activities
  • Pregnancy
  • A sedentary lifestyle
  • Poor physical fitness
  • Older age
  • Obesity and excess weight
  • Smoking
  • Strenuous physical exercise or work, especially if the position is incorrect
  • Genetic factors
  • Medical conditions, such as arthritis and cancer

Stress, mood disorders can also cause back pain. Mentioned factors should be avoided by us.

Symptoms of Back Pain

Back pain can range from muscle aches to burning. In addition, the pain may shine in the lower leg or worsen by bending, rotating, lifting, standing, or walking.

The main symptom of back pain is pain or soreness anywhere in the back, and sometimes up to the lower portion and legs. Some back problems can cause pain in other parts of the body, it depends on the affected nerves.

Sometimes your pain will vanish without any treatment. But if it occurs with people who suffer from given problems should see their doctor:

  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Inflammation or swelling on the back
  • Fixed back pain; Lying down or resting does not help
  • Pain down the legs
  • Pain that reaches below the knees
  • Recent damage, blow, or trauma to the back
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Loss of control over bowel movements
  • Genitals and Numbness
  • Numbness around the anus
  • The buttock numbnessFixed back pain

When To See A Doctor?

Most of the back pain can be removed by easy treatments, usually within a few weeks. You just have to contact your doctor if your back pain goes to the given stages.

  • Persists past a few weeks
  • Is severe and doesn’t improve with rest
  • Spreads down one or both legs, especially if the pain reaches below the knee
  • Causes laxity, numbness, or tingling in one or both legs
  • Is accompanied by unexplained weight loss

Rarely but sometimes back pain can cause a serious medical problem. Take immediate care if your back pain:

  • Causes new bowel or bladder problems
  • Is accompanied by a fever
  • Blow to your back or other injuries

Home Treatment

Back pain can be controlled by home treatment. But sometimes it became very dangerous and you have to go through medical treatment.

The discomfort can be relieved with OTC medications. You can use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen . Applying a warm compress or ice pack to the sore area can also decrease pain.

Resting from a strenuous performance can help, but exercise relieves stiffness, reduces pain, and prevents muscle weakness. You just have to do it in the right form.

Medical Treatment

Sometimes home treatments can’t fight your pain. Then you have to go to a doctor and take medical treatment.

You have to find a suitable place where you can continue your treatment. There are several types of medical treatment associated with back pain.


Back pain that does not respond well to harmless painkillers may require a prescription NSAID . In the short term, codeine or hydrocodone, which are narcotic drugs, can be prescribed. This requires close medical supervision. In some cases, muscle relaxants play a very important role.

Antidepressants, such as a reliable source of amitriptyline, may be prescribed. But their effectiveness is still being investigated and the evidence is conflicting.

Physical Therapy

Applying heat, ice, ultrasound, and electrical stimulation, and some muscle release techniques to the back muscles and soft tissues can help relieve pain. As the pain improves, the physiotherapist can suggest exercise to improve the flexibility and strength of the back and abdominal muscles. Position improvement techniques can also help in case of back pain.

The patient is encouraged to practice the techniques regularly, even if the pain has gone away. A consistent workout will help you to avoid back pain.


I f other choices are not effective, they can be injected into the epidural space, around the spinal cord. Cortisone is an anti-inflammatory drug.

This helps reduce inflammation around the arteries. Injections can also be used to paralyze areas thought to be causing the disease. Botox is also a good injection to push to fight back pain. This injection will be effective for 3-4 months.

Traction Therapy

Traction is a type of decompression therapy. It relieves pressure on the spine and relieves pain from joints, sprains, and spasms.

Traction also treats herniated discs, sciatica, degenerative disc diseases, nervous tension, and many other back diseases. It is a well-known therapy.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT helps to manage chronic back pain by encouraging new ways of thinking. This may include relaxing techniques and ways to maintain positive behavior.

Several studies have proved that patients with CBT tend to be more active and do exercise, resulting in a lower risk of back pain. It works according to your surroundings.

Complementary Therapies

You can use major therapies with complementary therapies. These types of therapies help us to keep fit.

  • Shiatsu, also known as finger massage therapy, is a type of massage in which pressure is applied to the body along energy lines. The Shiatsu therapist presses the fingers, thumb, and elbow.
  • Acupuncture originated in China. It consists of inserting fine needles and specific points into the body. Acupuncture can help the body release natural painkillers – endorphins – as well as stimulate nerve and muscle tissue.

Studies of complementary therapies have yielded mixed results. Some have experienced significant benefits, while others have not. When considering alternative therapies, it is important to use a well-trained and registered therapist.


Surgical treatment for back pain is very rare. If a patient has a herniated disc, it can go through surgical treatment. Especially if there is recurrent pain and nerve compression that can cause muscle weakness.

We covered the treatment for you. Examples of surgical procedures include:

  • Fusion: Two vertebrae are stuck together, with a bone between them. Then experts splint the vertebrae together with metal plates and cages. But there is a risk Arthritis may affect you at any time.
  • Artificial disk: Your disk will be changed with an artificial disk. It changes the cushion between two vertebrae.
  • Diskectomy: The painful portion of your disk will be removed.
  • Partially removing a vertebra : If your vertebra pinching the spinal cord or nerves you can remove some of its parts.

The Programs That Could Help to Treat Back Pain

Back to Life

The Back to Life is a unique program to relieve your back pain based on some concepts from Yoga and Pilates training. The Creator of this program, Emily Lark is a popular yoga trainer for more than 15 years.

She researched and studied stretching techniques to solve back pain-related issues. This program is a digital video training program perfect for everyone. Moreover, the program is combined with detailed manual and step-by-step guided techniques.

This program is highly effective for your back and it strengthens your core. Additionally, It has a 60-day 100% refund policy if you’re not satisfied with it.The back pain breakthrough

The Back Pain Breakthrough

The Back Pain Breakthrough is a great program to relieve your back pain more effectively at the root cause. It’s combined with a formula called “ Targeted Spinal Release” which works effectively on eliminating your back pain forever.

The program is created by Dr. Steve Young, a very popular face in the media. His revolutionary techniques solved the back pain issues of thousands of people. This program takes only 10-20 minutes of movement techniques that give you instant relief from back pain. Besides, this program is backed by a 60-day money-back guarantee policy. In fact, this program is a masterpiece with proven records of improvements.

Back Pain Relief 4 Life

The Back Pain Relief 4 Life is a unique program for back pain-related issues. Dr. Ian Hart, the creator of this program, is a certified strength and injury expert. He developed this program in a way, that fixes your both upper and lower back.

The program consists of 8 movement techniques with 2 minutes each. Anyone can get instant relief from back pain with this 16-minute training session. Moreover, the package contains all guided manuals and coaching videos that train you in these secret and easy techniques. Besides, this program has a 100% guaranteed 60-day refund policy if it doesn’t work for you.


There is a proverb “Prevention is better than cure”. Your healthy lifestyle can save you from the danger of back pain. Back is one of the main reasons why people are missing their work. So don’t drive you to an unhealthy lazy life if you want a life without back pain.

In this article, we mentioned the risk factors of back pain. These factors are not only causing back pain but also affect our whole body system. So, get set for giving up all of your bad habits and make your life beautiful.


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